Ludwig Hirshfeld Mack

Modernist designer, colour theorist, teacher.

Hirschfeld Mack enrolled at the Bauhaus Weimar in 1919 later becoming a teacher of colour form and theory. When the school moved to Dessau, Ludwig remained in Weimar teaching in a series of schools – his love of teaching would continue throughout his life. Compelled to flee Germany because of his Jewish heritage (his grandfather was a Jewish convert to Christianity, he simply could not find employment and he was by now a father of three. Helped by friends, Ludwig worked in Wales with unemployed miners on behalf of the Subsistence Production Society in Pontypool. Later he worked with children from deprived backgrounds in Peckham London.  When war broke out he was defined as an ‘Enemy Alien’ regardless that he clearly was not a Nazi. First taken to an internment camp he was later deported to Australia in 1940 on the infamous HMT Dunera.

He spent the next two years interned in Australia. With the help of the Head Teacher of Geelong Grammar School, he was finally released in 1942 and allowed to teach at the school. Finally, this extraordinarily gifted person was allowed to do what he loved best – to teach young people.

This pathed the way for his life in Australia – where he remained after the war. He was both pre and post-war in contact with Walter Gropius – who wanted him to come to Chicago, Marcel Breuer, Oscar Schlemmer to name a few.

In 2021 Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack: More than a Bauhaus Artist was published




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